The large, flat, white bulbs are a delicious treat. Selma Fino fennel seeds are a superior strain of Florence fennel that will bulb reliably and won't bolt from a spring sowing. Florence fennel is eaten as a vegetable in southern Europe, and Selma Fino fennel seeds are prized by growers everywhere. Try pairing the mild licorice flavour of fennel with citrus. Thinly slice one fennel bulb and mix it with some orange segments, orange juice, and sultanas for a refreshing summer salad.
Matures in 80 days. (Open-pollinated seeds)
Lacy, beautiful fennel plants grace planter boxes and the delicate leaves are lovely in salads. Like dill and parsley, the flowers of fennel are intensely attractive to beneficial insects. Grow fennel in a sunny position in well-drained loamy soil. If your soil is on the clay side, add some sharp sand to the bed. In the first year, fennel will grow to about 60cm (24″) tall, but in mild areas plants can reach 2m (6′) tall. Follow these how to grow fennel instructions for perfect fennel every year.
Season & Zone
Season: Warm season
Exposure: Full sun
Zone: Hardy to Zone 5
Direct sow any time after last frost to early summer. Fennel can be started indoors, but like its close relative dill, it responds to transplant shock by bolting. Peat, coir, or newspaper pots may help prevent this. Optimal soil temperature for germination: 15-21°C (60-70°F).
Sow seeds 1cm (½”) deep, a few seeds in each spot you want a plant to grow. Thin or space to 30cm (12″) apart.
Grow fennel in a sunny position in well-drained loamy soil. If your soil is on the clay side, add some sharp sand to the bed. In the first year, fennel will grow to about 60cm (24″) tall, but in mild areas plants can reach 2m (6′) tall.
Gather the fronds to use in salads and dressings. Use the seeds in baking. These plants will self-sow readily and become a weed if the seed heads are not removed in the fall.
Usual seed life: 3 years.
Not a companion for any garden food plant, fennel will actually inhibit growth in bush beans, kohlrabi, tomatoes, and others. Plant it, but keep it out of the veggie garden.
More on Companion Planting.