These plants, a part of the lettuce family called Chicory, have grown wild in Europe for centuries. Depending on where they originated and the shape of their growth form, they may be known as chicory, cichoria, endive, radicchio, Treviso, palla rossa, Belgian endive, markant, escarole, friseé, witloof, Italian dandelion, and a host of other names. All have nutritious, slightly bitter leaves. Try a mixed salad of endive, radicchio, escarole with sherry vinaigrette and chopped fennel.(Family: Lettuce, Asteraceae).