Use White Dutch clover as a nitrogen fixing cover crop, or as a long term ground cover, either on its own, or in combination with grasses. It tolerates wet conditions and foot traffic. It reduces soil compaction and improves soil health. Continue reading below for tips on how to grow White Dutch Clover.

Trifolium repens
Family: Fabaceae

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade

White Dutch clover does best from spring or fall sowing. Sow from the last average frost date and for up to 8 weeks later, and again in the fall, 8-10 weeks before the first frost date. This perennial is hardy to Zone 4: -34°C (-29°F).


Sow seeds 5mm (¼") deep.


For nitrogen fixation, allow the plants to reach flowering stage. Clover spreads by underground runners that call for more thorough tillage in the spring. A simple garden fork works well for this purpose. Allow two weeks for this clover to break down in the soil before planting the next crop.