Rye improves soil tilth and drainage, prevents erosion, and suppresses weeds. Once tilled under, it is a good source of carbon-rich organic matter. Continue reading below for some good advice on how to grow Fall Rye from seed.

Secale cereale
Family: Poaceae

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade

Plant fall rye 6-8 weeks before the first frost date for best results. The seeds will germinate as late as early November. A spring crop can be planted March through April. Hardy to Zone 3: -40°C (-40°F).

Sow seeds 2-4cm (1-1½") deep.


After its burst of spring growth, turn rye under or cut it back before it reaches 30cm (12") tall. Allow three weeks after tilling before planting the next crop.