Tres Fine Maraichere

Tres Fine Maraichere

SKU: MS507
The finely cut leaves are slightly bitter, growing in a very prostrate rosette. Growers like to bundle up the outer leaves to a point above the plant and fix them in place with an elastic band. Read More

Exposure Full-sun

Matures in 65 days

Season Cool season

Shipping & Returns

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More details about Tres Fine Maraichere

Plant Tres Fine Maraichere chicory seeds for a classic French heirloom endive known as frisée. This vegetable is not widely known in North America, but a culinary treasure in France and parts of Europe. The finely cut leaves are slightly bitter, growing in a very prostrate rosette. Growers like to bundle up the outer leaves to a point above the plant and fix them in place with an elastic band. This cuts off sunlight to the center of the rosette, resulting in a blanched interior that is much sweeter and more tender than the tough outer leaves. Frisée is best served raw with an acidic dressing, but it is unusual among greens because it can stand up to a hot oil dressing or even brief time on the grill. Its flavour is enhanced this way, and will have you returning to plant more each year. Easy to grow and delicious.

Matures in 65 days. (Open-pollinated seeds)

Quick Facts:

    • French heirloom fris̩e
    • Finely-cut, lacy leaves
    • Add to salad or cook whole
    • Open pollinated seeds
    • Matures in 65 days

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All About Tres Fine Maraichere

Latin

Latin
Cichorium endiva (endive) & C. intybus (radicchio)
Family: Asteraceae

Difficulty

Difficulty
Endive is easy.
Radicchio is moderately difficult.
Belgian endive (witloof) is downright challenging – but worth the effort.

Season & Zone

Season & Zone
Season: Cool season
Exposure: Full-sun

Timing

Timing
Sow after the last frost date and again in mid-summer to take advantage of the fall growing season. Optimal soil temperature: 10-22°C (50-72°F). Seeds sprout in 2-15 days, depending on conditions. In hot weather plants may go to seed quickly, so have new plantings ready to go.

Starting

Starting
Either direct seed or start indoors and transplant. Sow seeds 5mm (¼”) deep, and thin or transplant to allow 30-45cm (12-18″) between plants in rows 30-45cm (12-18″) apart.

Days to Maturity

Days to Maturity
From direct sowing.

Growing

Growing
Ideal pH: 6.0-6.5. Enrich soil with compost and add ¼ cup balanced organic fertilizer into the soil beneath each transplant. Rapid, continuous growth is essential for good yields and high quality. Regular watering is essential. Fall plantings can be protected from rain by putting a cloche over them. Endive heads can be blanched to reduce bitterness by placing a cardboard or plastic disc on top. Radicchio requires a good supply of phosphorus and potassium, but will not head and may bolt if there is too much nitrogen available. Days to maturity shown are from date of direct sowing. If transplanting, subtract 10-15 days.

Harvest

Harvest
Use as a cut and come again crop or let the heads develop and cut at ground level. Many will grow back.

Seed Info

Seed Info
In optimal conditions at least 65% of seeds will germinate. Usual seed life: 3 years. Per 100′ row: 140 seeds, per acre: 40.6M seeds.

Diseases & Pests

Diseases & Pests
Aphids – Water can be used to remove aphids from plants. Wash the plant off with water occasionally as needed early in the day.

Moulds and rot from heavy rains can be prevented by growing under cover. Tip burn is a calcium deficiency within the plant that can be caused by an imbalance with over nutrients. Make sure to add lime to the soil, do not over-fertilize, and harvest just before full maturity.

How to Grow Endive

Step 1: Timing

Sow after the last frost date and again in mid-summer to take advantage of the fall growing season. Optimal soil temperature: 10-22°C (50-72°F). Seeds sprout in 2-15 days, depending on conditions. In hot weather plants may go to seed quickly, so have new plantings ready to go.

Step 2: Starting

Either direct seed or start indoors and transplant. Sow seeds 5mm (¼”) deep, and thin or transplant to allow 30-45cm (12-18″) between plants in rows 30-45cm (12-18″) apart.

Step 3: Growing

Ideal pH: 6.0-6.5.

Enrich soil with compost and add ¼ cup balanced organic fertilizer into the soil beneath each transplant. Rapid, continuous growth is essential for good yields and high quality. Regular watering is essential.

Fall plantings can be protected from rain by putting a cloche over them. Endive heads can be blanched to reduce bitterness by placing a cardboard or plastic disc on top. Radicchio requires a good supply of phosphorus and potassium, but will not head and may bolt if there is too much nitrogen available. Days to maturity shown are from date of direct sowing. If transplanting, subtract 10-15 days.

Step 4: Germination

Days to maturity: From direct sowing.

In optimal conditions at least 65% of seeds will germinate. Usual seed life: 3 years. Per 100′ row: 140 seeds, per acre: 40.6M seeds.

Step 5: Harvest

Use as a cut and come again crop or let the heads develop and cut at ground level. Many will grow back.

Tips!

Disease & Pests: Aphids – Water can be used to remove aphids from plants early in the day.

Moulds and rot from heavy rains can be prevented by growing under cover. Tip burn is a calcium deficiency within the plant that can be caused by an imbalance with over nutrients. Make sure to add lime to the soil, do not over-fertilize, and harvest just before full maturity.

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