Sweet Pea Trial 2016

Mark with Sweet Peas

Not so much an official trial, as an effort to grow out each of our sweet peas for comparative study. We grew out fifteen varieties among the other flowers and vegetables at our Kirkland House demonstration garden here in Ladner this year, creating one of the most fragrant garden experiences of all time.

The sweet pea plant (almost all cultivated varieties are Lathyrus odoratus) originated in Sicily and the nearby surrounding Mediterranean region. They have been cultivated since the 1600s, and some of the oldest strains are still around. But every year new varieties and combinations are introduced, so a gardener with obsessive tendencies could easily spend a lifetime studying and breeding them.

Like other flower types, they are judged on a number of criteria. The intensity of fragrance varies from one type to another. At the time we planted, we were out of the infamous High Scent, which must surely be the most fragrant of all. I have grown it at Kirkland in previous years, and it always receives comment from visitors.

Sweet peas are prized as cut flowers because they remain fragrant for several days after cutting, and this can be enjoyed indoors. So many of the varieties are judged by the length of their stems and number of flowers per stem. Height and vigour are other desirable characteristics.

Finally, colour combinations have a huge impact, from the subdued Spring Pastels to the brilliant Royal Family and Cutherbertson blends. I personally prefer some of the single flowering types like the all-white Royal Wedding, or the bicoloured Painted Ladies. I also like the deep, rich blues and purples in the Bijou Blend.

Although we have been gardening at Kirkland House for eight seasons now, this was the first time we have had very heavy pressure from aphids. I would guess that our mild weather last winter (and climate change in general) may have played a role in this. But it could be that greater numbers of them were more obvious because we had so many sweet peas this season. Only the sweet pea Janet Scott became infested, first with green aphids, then with black ones. We decided to uproot and remove the whole row about mid-July as it was becoming an eyesore. Typically in this garden we rely on Companion Planting with Umbelifers to bring in the predatory insects that control aphids and other pests. This is the first year the aphids managed to overtake our beneficial insect population. Now in August the second generation of ladybird beetle larvae have hatched, and they are everywhere in the garden. Hopefully this will knock the aphids back a bit.

Various other sweet peas responded to the heat of high summer by drying and withering. Early Multiflora, Painted Ladies, and Spring Pastels were the first to pass their prime, but each after a spectacular display. Royal Family, Mammoth, Cutherbertson, Bijou, and Old Spice are still going strong in early August. We are taking regular cuttings and doing what we can to remove any seed pods. Both of these keep the plants producing more flowers. Cutherbertson has grown absurdly tall, and is using the eight-foot-tall Solar Power sunflowers as a trellis. We can no longer reach the highest flowers!

For trellises this year we used very basic bamboo canes, intertwined and tied with the always reliable Knotty Garden Twine. Beyond the addition of compost and Glacial Rock Dust to the beds, we did not add any specific fertilizer to the sweet pea rows, and they all performed well. Here are some more specific thoughts:

Spencer Ripple Formula Sweet Peas
Spencer Ripple Formula (FL3204) features a pleasant mid range of colours with some variegated petals (hence the “ripple”), on quite vigorous vines that grow to about eight feet tall. The stems are long, slender, and quite rigid, so it’s a fine choice for cut flowers. Notice that there are several flowers per stem. The fragrance is intense – I’d say 8/10.

Patio Mix Sweet Pea Seeds
Patio Mix (FL3205) is a truly dwarf sweet pea intended for containers and flower boxes. It was so dwarf that it looked a little strange among the tall trellises of its cousins. Ours grew to about eight inches tall and then began to flop over, so it’s a good idea to provide some support with twigs tucked into the soil. The flowers are held relatively close to the plants, so they don’t work for cut flowers, but they come in vivid colours with mild fragrance. I think 4/10 on the perfume scale. This would be a very nice choice for window boxes – the scent is subdued but pleasant. This variety was pretty much finished by late July.

Striped Butterfly Blend Sweet Peas
Butterfly Blend (FL3279) was bred from Unwin’s Striped Butterfly Blend, and older variety from the UK. The flowers shown were cut later in the season, and the biclour Matucana-like purple/maroon flowers were more abundant at that time. Earlier in the summer there were more variegated flowers, but all of them grew on long stems with medium fragrance that makes itself known without being overbearing. My rating would be 6/10 for scent. The plants grew to about six feet tall on the trellis. I am a fan of the rich, darker colours on this variety, and I like that the flowers appear in tidy pairs on the stem. As long as we kept them cut, more flowers would appear.

Old Spice Sweet Pea Seeds
Old Spice (FL3280) is one of the workhorses among sweet peas. It kind of has everything for everyone. Six foot tall vines produce large flowers on long stems in a pleasing range from pure white to deep maroon and navy blue. The fragrance is strong (8/10 in my opinion), and the plants are resistant to hot weather and soil, so they continue to bloom through August. The growth is a tiny bit less tidy, with some sprawling happening late in the season, but that could have been my undisciplined trellis methods. Old Spice is good for cut flowers, and I think it would make an excellent screen on the right trellis, to break up garden spaces.

Royal Family Sweet Pea Blend
Royal Family Sweet Peas (FL3281) do a superb job. The flowers appear in pure colours — largely white, but with highly contrasting shades of bright red, deep maroon, and hot pink. There are some lilac and mauve flowers included. The vines grow to about five feet tall, with long stems, large flowers, and mild fragrance I would rate about 5/10. Flower production on this variety seems to accelerate in hot weather, and it continues to flourish well into August in my plot. We also carry Royal Family Certified Organic (FL3202) seeds.

Spring Pastels Sweet Pea Seeds
Spring Pastels (FL3282) puts on an amazing display of delicate colour in the spring and early summer. Although the plants were past their prime in late July, the main show was spectacular. The vines grew rapidly to around five feet tall. Very large flowers grew on stems that were long enough for cut flowers, and the fragrance (7/10) was strong and lasted indoors for days. Part of the appeal of this variety for me is the absence of garish colours. We grew it facing the gate at Kirkland House, and it made a strong impression on all our visitors.

Cuthbertson Sweet Pea Seeds
Cuthbertson Mix (FL3283) is at the opposite extreme to Spring Pastels, but it’s one of my personal favourites. The colours are anything but subdued, but the overall look is on the rich purple, blue, and maroon end. These are complemented by some pink and white blooms, but purple is the dominant colour in this mix, with many bicoloured “Matucana” type blooms. The vines appear to grow indefinitely, approaching eight feet tall now in early August. The stems are luxuriously long for cut flower use, and the fragrance is intense at about 9/10 in my opinion. This is like a sweet pea on steroids, and I would love to try it on a much higher trellis, or up the side of a house.

Mammoth Sweet Pea Seeds
Mammoth Blend (FL3284)
is named for its extra large flowers. Its stems are long and thick, making it one of the best for cut flowers, and it grows to just over six feet tall, requiring a trellis. The flowers appear from late spring right through summer in a pleasing range from white to navy blue, and it looks stunning planted in a long row. It’s like a wall of flowers. I would rate the fragrance as medium strong (say… 6/10), but the real feature of this variety is its suitability as cut flowers. This is the florist’s sweet pea. It has been a pleasure handing out bundles of these flowers in the garden and at our retail shop in Ladner.

Late Spencer Sweet Peas
Late Spencer Blend (FL3285) has been, along with Mammoth and Cuthbertson, one of the show stoppers from this trial. Planted in a long row in the center of nine raised beds, it has bloomed from May right into August, and shows no sign of slowing down. The flowers are large, borne on long, sturdy stems, and the fragrance is powerful at around 8/10 on my unofficial scale. The vines are about five feet tall, but the flowers are exceptional. They show much more variation between upper and lower petals, with the so-called picotee edging around each one. The colours are somewhat neutral — it’s very much a sweet pea, but it’s not distracting in the garden. We have enjoyed this as a cut flower, but it will definitely stink up a room with its heady, sweet scent. This would be a bit much for some people.

Painted Ladies Sweet Peas
Painted Ladies (FL3292) were the earliest of all our trial peas to bloom this season. This is a very old heirloom variety that has been around since the 1730s. Its flowers are petite and mildly scented, and each one is pink on top with a white skirt. For me the appeal of this sweet pea is its overall delicate look… Words come to mind like “charming” and “dainty.” These are not words that typically speak to me, and pink is not my personal favourite colour in the garden. Yet there is something of a natural appearance to this variety, as though this is what sweet peas were meant to look like. The vines grow to about five feet tall, but they sprawl more than the others. The stems are relatively slender, but long enough for cut flowers. I rate the fragrance low at about 4/10. This sweet pea wants careful placement in the garden. In the right spot it would have an air of antiquity and class.

Bijou Blend Sweet Peas
Bijou Blend (FL3294) remains my personal favourite among so many other fine sweet peas. Its rich colour range is dominated by blues and purples, but accented by the occasional highlight of scarlet or pure white. The stems are long, sturdy and uncommonly straight for excellent cut flowers. The vines are not huge at five feet tall, but larger than I described them in our 2016 catalogue [editor’s note to himself!]. We have them on a trellis growing quite upright, and they are still very much in bloom in early August. I would rate the fragrance at medium-strong (6/10), but as cut flowers, to my taste, they are among the best.

Early Multiflora Swet Peas
Early Multiflora (FL3296) does exactly what its name suggests. The long vines bloom early, with multiple flowers per stem. The stems are particularly sturdy, with good height for cut flowers, and the scent is mild (3/10), which will be a relief to some growers I know. The flowers are large and vividly coloured, but within a relatively neutral range of hues. This variety had past its prime in late July, but it is said that it can be planted again in the fall for winter blooms, which is something I plan on experimenting with in September. Sow as early as the ground can be worked in spring for a real show of spring and early summer colours.

Supersnoop Sweet Pea Seeds
Supersnoop (FL3298) is bushy and compact, and our planting was largely dominated by bright red flowers. Its compactness results in the flowers almost competing for space, so many of the stems are curved and short, jutting out wherever they can from the plants. This does not lend them well for cut flowers, but the variety would be ideal for growing in containers like half barrels. This plant is definitely taller than Patio Mix, but did not grow more than three feet tall. The trellis we provided was largely wasted. The appeal for me is the intensity and surprising range of the large red flowers. These appear in scarlet, cerise, magenta, and blood red, along with some dark purple and light pink accents. We pulled the finished plants out at the end of July to make space for our sprawling cantaloupes. But I would definitely recommend Supersnoop for smaller garden spaces where a flash of colour is needed.

Royal Wedding Sweet Peas
Royal Wedding (FL3314) is the last variety to describe here. I love its pure white minimalism, and would plant it more strategically to bring white into particular garden spaces. In our trial it was simply one of many, and its lack of colour was made up for by good height at about five feet, large flowers, and strong fragrance. I would rate this one at about 7/10 for scent. The long, sturdy stems are great for cutting and they are produced by the bucket load from May into August. (This variety is quite reminiscent of High Scent, but lacks High Scent’s subtle, picotee edges around its petals and the nose shaking 10/10 fragrance). The flowers on Royal Wedding are as white as snow — it would make a tremendous cut flower for weddings.

Plant Flower Seeds for Bees


With pollinator conservation in mind it’s a good idea to plant flower seeds for bees. But which are the best pollinator plants? Which bee flowers are the easiest to sow and grow? What flowers can be grown in containers or schoolyards to attract pollinators?

Certain plants produce flowers that are really generous with nectar and pollen in order to ensure good pollination. The plants and the bees (and other insects) that pollinate them have evolved in harmony to form important relationships — one can’t survive without the other, but together they will thrive! So the first consideration is to think about plants that are, by their nature, particularly attractive to bees. Some of the best flowers to plant for bees include:

Agastache Flowers for Bees
Agastache (AKA Licorice Mint & Anise Hyssop)
An easy-to-grow perennial plant that comes back every year in full sun or partial shade. The flowers are edible, but leave some for the masses of wild bees and butterflies it will attract. Height to 120cm (48″).

Ammi seeds for bees
Ammi (AKA False Queen Anne’s Lace)
A beautiful and easy annual that is attractive to wild and domestic bees, and particularly useful in companion planting, as it is highly attractive to predatory insects. Plant Ammi and let these natural scavengers eliminate caterpillars, aphids, and other garden pests. Height to 50cm (20″).

Asclepias flowers for bees
Asclepias (AKA Butterfly Bush, Butterfly Weed)
This perennial is listed everywhere for attracting butterflies, including the Monarch butterfly when planted in the Monarch’s range. The flowers are incredibly generous with nectar, so it is also a magnet for wild and domestic bees, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. It is slightly challenging to grow from seed, needing an early start indoors. Asclepias tubers are also available, and a little easier to plant in spring. Height to 70cm (27″).

Bergamot flowers for bees
Bergamot (AKA Bee Balm & Monarda)
Both Lemon Bergamot and Wild Bergamot bloom in late summer, after many bee-friendly garden flowers have finished. But they are both wildly attractive to all manner of bees, as well as butterflies and hummingbirds. These tender perennials may or may not survive winter in coastal gardens, but they may self-sow from flowers that produce large numbers of seeds. Wild Bergamot is the taller of the plants, growing to 90cm (36″). Both work well in raised beds and flower borders.

Borage flowers for bees
This perennial herb has intense blue, edible flowers that have an appealing and mild cucumber taste. The flowers are attractive to numerous bumblebee species — the bees use their buzzing muscles at a specific resonance for the flower to release a blast of pollen. Borage only grows to about 60cm (24″) tall, but it may gradually spread in the right soil and light conditions. Or it can be grown in containers or raised beds.

Buckwheat flowers for bees
This superb annual plant is very easy to grow and has many uses. Buckwheat’s nectar-rich flowers are attractive to honeybees. Buckwheat honey is famously dark in colour and richly flavoured. This fast-growing plant makes an excellent cover crop, smothering out weeds and producing lots of organic matter. Cut the stems after flowering and till them under to improve soil texture and fertility. Or harvest the seeds and grind for flower. Buckwheat can grow up to 75cm (30″) in just six weeks!

Calendula flowers for bees
Calendula (AKA Pot Marigold)
Super easy to grow, good in containers, and it even produces edible flowers. Tear off some of the golden orange and yellow flowers to sprinkle over summer salads. Calendula is also attractive to wild bees, butterflies, and other beneficial insects. Height to 60cm (24″).

Cardoon flowers for bees
You won’t believe how many honeybees flock to the flowers of this tall perennial. Cardoon was the original artichoke, and produces edible stalks. It will grow 1.2-2m (4-6′) tall, so give it a place near the back of the garden, and enjoy its stunning purple flowers as much as the bees do.

Celosia flowers for bees
Celosia (AKA Cock’s Comb)
Ideal for containers or raised beds, this striking annual produces an inflorescence that is shockingly red. The plants stay compact at only 35cm (14″) or so, but they bring in bumblebees and other wild bees from far and wide. The seeds want an early start indoors in peat pots for best results.

Centaurea flowers for bees
Centaurea (AKA Cornflowers or Bachelor’s Buttons)
So easy to grow, with so many uses, Centaurea produces intensely blue flowers on individual stems that grow to around 90cm (36″) tall. The flowers are edible, so they’re great for summer salads, and they dry particularly well for fall arrangements. But they are also highly attractive to bees and other pollinators. Grow this annual in pots or in clumps around the garden for a great show of summer flowers.

Chives flowers for bees
Every garden, whatever the size, deserves at least one clump of multi-purpose chives. After producing its delicious and mildly onion flavoured leaves, it sends up a globe-shaped cluster of edible pink flowers that attract all kinds of bees. Chives can be grown as companion plants to repel aphids and at the same time attract predatory insects and pollinators. They work well in containers and raised beds so they are extremely versatile.

Cosmos flowsers for bees
This is another easy to grow annual that is available in a range of heights and flower colours. Plant Cosmos, and the bees will come. Most varieties are relatively tall, growing up to 2m (6′), so they are better for the border or raised bed than for containers. But they are easy to maintain and generally fool-proof. Simply remove spent flowers and the plants will continue to bloom all summer.

Cucumber flowers for bees
Cucumber (et al)
Cucumbers are just one type of garden crop that produces flowers attractive to bees. Cukes have relatively small, bright yellow flowers that grow along vines at each leaf interval. Their larger cousins, the squash, have much bigger flowers, and it’s not uncommon to find five or more honeybees in each flower. Curiously one of the common problems with cucumbers and squash is lack of good pollination. This is because the flowers can be hidden beneath the broad leaves, out of view from foraging bees. The best way to improve squash pollination is to plant some sunflowers in their midst, to bring in pollinators from far and wide.

Digitalis flowers for bees
Digitalis (AKA Foxgloves)
A crown of large leaves grows in the first year for these biennial plants. In the second year, the plant sends up a tall spire, covered in tube-shaped flowers from white to deep purple. The flower inflorescence (flower spike) can be as tall as 2m (6′) or more! Digitalis is very attractive to bumblebees and other wild bees, but the flowers are certainly not edible for humans. All parts of the plant are toxic if eaten.

Echinacea flowers for bees
Echinacea (AKA Purple Coneflower)
Keeping with the purple them is this familiar garden perennial. The long-lasting blooms make excellent cut flowers, but are also attractive to bees, hoverflies, and other beneficial pollinators and predators. Echinacea tends to put on its best display during and after its third year of growth, but it is a wonderful flower for cottage gardens and allotments alike. Height to about 90cm (36″).

Marigold flowers for bees
Useful as ornamental flowers and also as companion plants, Marigolds are easy to grow annuals that work well in containers, raised beds, or pretty much any other setting. And they produce pollen in sufficient quantities to attract mid-summer bumblebees and other pollinators.

Phacelia flowers for bees
Phacelia (AKA Purple Tansy)
Any gardener who has planted Phacelia will know just how attractive this annual is to bees of all kinds. The nectar rich flower heads unfurl like fern leaves, revealing flower after flower over weeks in the garden. Honeybees, bumblebees, and scores of other wild bees keep the flowers buzzing from early to late summer. Phacelia can be grown in containers, but works best in raised beds or set in the garden in full sun to partial shade. This easy to grow plant may reach 23cm (9″) tall. Watch Mark talk about Phacelia on YouTube.

Sunflowers for bees
The face of a sunflower is actually landscape of tiny, individual flowers packed tightly together. The myriad, nectar-rich flowers open over weeks, first in the outer perimeter of the bloom, moving towards its center. Because of the slow release of lots of pollen and nectar, bees will return to the same plant day after day. The unusual height of sunflowers makes them act like beacons in the garden, attracting bees from great distances. This makes them useful for increasing pollination in crops like squash, in which the flowers might be covered by foliage. Sunflowers are easy annuals that range in height from tiny (for containers) to massive (for open fields). Many of the larger varieties have the additional appeal of producing loads of edible seeds to be enjoyed by the gardener or left for wild birds.

Zinnia flowers for bees
This is another easy to grow annual that thrives in warm soil in full sun. Zinnia flowers are similar to dahlias in some ways, starting as a nearly round ball of petals, and slowly opening to reveal a pollen rich banquet for bees. The huge blooms appear atop erect stems and make excellent cut flowers. And the range of colours is almost limitless — they are all brightly coloured and pleasing to the eye. Nearly all Zinnias grow 75-90cm (30-36″) tall, so they will work in larger containers, in raised beds, and in the garden border.

That is only a selection of the thousands of flowers that attract and feed bees. By planting multiple varieties, the garden is made richer as an ecosystem, but the bees are also offered a much longer period in which to feed. As spring flowers fade, summer flowers open for the first time, and so on. Biodiversity is one of the central tenets of organic gardening, and builds healthier plant and insect communities and healthier soil.

If you are stuck for space, and only have a tiny area to plant, consider simply planting a packet of low maintenance Bee Garden Wildflower Blend. It will add a splash of bright colour to the corner of your garden, down the length of your driveway, or to your office parking spot. And the bees will be grateful too!

Beneficial Insect Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Beneficial Insect Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Below is a list of the ingredients in our Beneficial Insect wildflower seeds. This blend was designed to include the maximum number of flowers known to attract pollinators and predatory insects that feed on pest species. For instance, dill is attractive to lacewings, ladybird beetles, and the tiny parasitoid wasps that kill aphids. The purpose of this mix is to increase the biodiversity in your garden and take advantage of naturally occurring food pyramids to control pest insects and improve pollination at the same time. The ideal time to plant wildflower seeds is March to April.

Beneficial Insect Wildflower Seeds Blend Ingredients

Baby Blue Eyes — Nemophila menziesii
Bergamot — Monarda fistulosa
Bishop’s Flower — Ammi majus
Black-Eyed Susan — Rudbeckia hirta
California Poppy — Eschscholzia californica
Candytuft — Iberis umbellata
Cilantro — Coriandrum sativum
Dill — Antheum graveolens
Dwarf Cosmos — Cosmos bipinnatus
Fennel — Foeniculum vulgare
Gayfeather — Liatris spicata
Globe Gilia — Gilia capitata
Lance-Leaved Coreopsis — Coreopsis lanceolata
Purple Prairie Clover — Dalea purpurea
Shasta Daisy — Leucanthemum x superbum
Siberian Wallflower — Cheiranthus allionii
Sweet Alyssum — Lobularia maritima
Basket of Gold — Aurinia saxatilis

Perennial Wildflower Seeds Blend Ingredients


The Perennial Wildflower Seeds ingredients are listed below. This is the right blend to establish where flowers are needed to come back year after year. Perennial flowers are often drought resistant and very winter hardy, so they can be relied upon for blooms season after season. This blend includes perennials that open at various times of the season, too. So there is always something in bloom.

Latin Name Common Name
Lupinus perennis Perennial Lupine
Linum lewisii Blue Flax
Dianthus superbus Bearded Dianthus
Coreopsis lanceolata Lance LVD. Coreopsis
Dianthus barbatus Sweet William
Cheiranthus allionii Siberian Wallflower
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower
Gaillardia aristata Blanketflower
Ratibida columnaris Prairie Coneflower-red
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan
Ratibida columnaris Prairie Coneflower-yellow
Chrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy
Aquilegia sp. Columbine
Oenothera missouriensis Missouri Primrose
Achillea millefolium White Yarrow
Achillea filipendulina Gold Yarrow
Helichrysum monstrosum Strawflower

Xeriscape Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Xeriscape Wildflower Blend Ingredients

The wildflower seeds in our Xeriscape blend are intended for planting in any area where drought is likely during summer. Xeriscaping is landscaping with water conservation in mind, so once they are established, these plants will not require regular watering except for regular rainfall. It’s important to keep them watered during the early part of the season until the seedlings are well established.

Desert Marigold — Baileya multiradiata
Deerhorn Clarkia — Clarkia pulchella
Oregon Sunshine — Eriophyllum lanatum
California Poppy — Eschscholzia californica
Blanketflower — Gaillardia aristata
Bird’s Eyes — Gilia tricolor
Tidy Tips — Layia platyglossa
Blue Flax — Linum perenne
Arroyo Lupin — Lupinus succulentus
Mojave Lupin — Lupinus sparsiflorus
Prairie Aster — Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Blazing Star — Mentzelia lindleyi
Pale Evening Primrose — Oenothera pallida
Palmer’s Penstemon — Penstemon palmeri
Rocky Mountain Penstemon — Penstemon strictus
California Bluebell — Phacelia campanularia
Prairie Coneflower — Ratibida columnifera
Gooseberryleaf Globemallow — Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia
Greenthread — Thelesperma fillifolium

Short Meadow Blend Wildflower Ingredients


The wildflower seeds in our Short Meadow Blend will produce a gorgeous carpet of diverse flowers that only grow to about 60cm (24″) tall. This blend of wildflower seeds looks fabulous planted over large areas, but will work just as well in containers or raised beds. There are enough species in the mix that some will thrive in nearly any setting. Keep well watered after planting until seedlings are established. After that, only water during long periods of drought.

Latin Name Common Name
Alyssum saxatile Basket of Gold
Arabis alpina White Rockcress
Aubretia deltoidea White Rockcress
Bellis perennis English Daisy
Chrysanthemum multicaule Yellow Daisy
Chrysanthemum paludosum Creeping Daisy
Dianthus deltoides Maiden Pinks
Eschscholzia caespitosa Dwarf California Poppy
Lasthenia glabrata Goldfields
Lobularia maritima Sweet Alyssum
Malcomia maritima Virginia Stock
Nemophila maculata Five-Spot
Nemophila menziesii Baby Blue-Eyes
Phacelia campanularia California Bluebell
Sanvitalia procumbens Creeping Zinnia
Saponaria ocymoides Soapwort
Silene pendula Nodding Catchfly
Viola cornuta Johnny Jump-Up

Partial Shade Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Partial Shade Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Among the flowers in the Partial Shade wildflower seeds ingredients are a host of plants that will do perfectly well in partial shade to full sun. None of these plants will thrive in full shade, but they will perform in diffused light along the north side of a building or hedge.

Chinese Forget Me Not — Cynoglossum amabile
Sweet William — Dianthus barbatus
Lance Leaf Coreopsis — Coreopsis lanceolata
Rocket Larkspur — Delphinium ajacis
Baby’s Breath — Gypsophila elegans
Baby Blue Eyes — Nemophila menziesii
Shasta Daisy — Chrysanthemum maximum
Purple Coneflower — Echinacea purpurea
Candytuft — Iberis umbellata
Corn Poppy — Papaver rhoeas
Clarkia — Clarkia elegans
Spurred Snapdragon ‘Northern Lights’ — Linaria maroccana
Columbine — Aquilegia vulgaris
Chinese Houses — Collinsia heterophylla
Johnny Jump-Ups — Viola tricolor
Forget-Me-Nots — Myosotis sylvatica
Tussock Bellflower — Campanula carpatica

Hummingbird Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Hummingbird Wildflower Blend Ingredients

The wildflower seeds in the Hummingbird Blend are selected for the abundant nectar their mature flowers produce. These lure native and migratory hummingbirds to the garden to fuel up naturally. Grow them en masse or in a long strip down the length of your garden, and hummingbirds will become downright territorial over the generous (and colourful) wildflowers.

Latin Name  Common Name
Aquiegia caeruleaGiant Columbine
Aquilegia canadensisEastern Columbine
Campanula carpaticaTussock Bellflower
Delphinium consolidaRocket Larkspur
Dianthus barbatusSweet William Pinks
Ipomopsis rubraGilia
Liatris spicataGayfeather
Linaria maroccanaSpurred Snapdragon
Lupinus perennisPerennial Lupine
Lupinus succulentusArroyo Lupine
Mirabilis jalapaFour O’Clocks
Monarda citriodoraLemon Mint
Penstemon strictusRocky Mountain Penstemon
Petunia violaceaWild Petunia
Phlox drummondiiAnnual Phlox
Salvia coccineaScarlet Sage

Meadow Blend Tall Wildflower Ingredients

Meadow Blend Tall Wildflower Seeds Ingredients

The wildflower seeds in our Tall Meadow Blend produce a waist-high field of brilliantly coloured flowers that bloom over a very long period from spring to fall. This blend is best for areas that will be protected from foot traffic, and it will lure hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinators to the area. Planted less densely, this blend works just as well in containers and raised beds.

Dwarf Cornflower — Centaurea cyanus
Siberian Wallflower — Cheiranthus allionii
Dwarf Godetia — Clarkia amoena
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis — Coreopsis lanceolata
Dwarf Plains Coreopsis — Coreopsis tinctoria
Chinese Forget-Me-Not — Cynoglossum amabile
Rocket Larkspur — Delphinium ajacis
Sweet William Pinks — Dianthus barbatus
African Daisy — Dimorphoteca aurantica
California Poppy — Eschscholzia californica
Perennial Gaillardia — Gaillardia aristata
Annual Baby’s Breath — Gypsophila elegans
Candytuft — Iberis umbellata
Scarlet Flax — Linum grandiflorum rubrum
Blue Flax — Linum perenne
Sweet Alyssum — Lobularia maritima
Corn Poppy — Papaver rhoeas
Dwarf Red Coneflower — Ratibida columnifera
Black-Eyed Susan — Rudbeckia hirta
Catchfly — Silene armeria
Moss Verbena — Verbena tenuisecta

Bee Garden Wildflower Blend Ingredients

Bee Garden Blend Wildflower Seeds Ingredients

Feed wild and domestic bees with the Bee Garden Blend of wildflower seeds. Honeybees have been in decline in recent years due to colony collapse disorder. Meanwhile, the habitat of wild bees like bumblebees, mason bees, and leaf cutter bees is dwindling. By planting these nectar rich wildflowers, we can provide forage for these overlooked insects. West Coast Seeds believes in the need for pollinator conservation, and we’ve chosen the species in this mix for their attractiveness to a wide range of bees.

Chinese Forget-Me-Not — Cynoglossum amabile
Siberian Wallflower — Cheiranthus allionii
California Poppy — Eschscholzia californica
Purple Coneflower — Echinacea purpurea
China Aster — Callistephus chinensis
Corn Poppy — Papaver rhoeas
Lance Leaved Coreopsis — Coreopsis lanceolata
Blue Flax — Linum lewisii
Baby Blue Eyes — Nemophila menziesii
Globe Gilia — Gilia capitata
Indian Blanket — Gaillardia pulchella
Tidy Tips — Layia platyglossa
Plains Coreopsis — Coreopsis tinctoria
Sweet Alyssum — Lobularia maritima
Lavender Hyssop — Agastache foeniculum
Fleabane Daisy — Erigeron annuus
Forget-Me-Not — Myosotis sp.
New England Aster — Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
Lemon Bergamot — Monarda citriodora